PTE INTRODUCTION

OVERVIEW

The ability to communicate in English is crucial to success for university and college
students in an English speaking environment. The purpose of Pearson Test of English Academic
(PTE Academic) is to accurately assess the listening, reading, speaking and writing ability of
test takers who want to study at institutions where English is the principal language of instruction.
If you are a non-native speaker of English and need to demonstrate your
academic English language ability, PTE Academic is the test for you. The test provides an accurate
measure of a test taker’s English language proficiency to ensure success in courses and active
participation in university and college-level education where English is the language of instruction.
Institutions will use the result of PTE Academic to determine the actual English language skills of
applicants when making admission decisions.
The Language Testing division of Pearson, the world’s leading education
company, is responsible for the development of PTE Academic. Test development professionals involved in
producing the test are based in several countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom
and Australia.
PTE Academic has been developed in accordance with the Council of Europe’s Common European Framework of
Reference (CEF or CEFR; Council of Europe, 2001), which is a widely accepted standard of
ability or performance in language testing. Test items are also internationally approved to
ensure that the test is representative of and measures international academic English.

Key features
Integrated skills items
As language skills do not occur in isolation, PTE Academic uses a variety of integrated skills
item types to reveal how well you can use English language for oral and written communication.
Integrated skills items are important for assessing English Language proficiency because,
in an academic environment, students are often required to combine several language skills to
perform a task, for example, listening to or reading information and then responding orally.
PTE Academic test items are task-based, representing the range of functions and situations that
you will encounter during academic studies in an English-speaking environment. For example,
one item type asks you to demonstrate your understanding of a passage by providing a
written summary, while another assesses your understanding of a lecture by asking you
to retell the lecture. A different item type tests your ability to orally describe graphical
information.
PTE Academic features 20 different item types, each assessing one language skill or a
combination of language skills. Chapters 3-6 of the Official Guide describe each item
type in terms of format, timing, expected response length and scoring criteria,
and offer strategies to help you complete each item type.

Source materials

PTE Academic is designed to be representative of academic language demands within a university or
college setting. Source materials used in PTE Academic are taken from real-life situations in an
academic environment.

Reading texts
As a student at university and college level, you need to do a lot of skimming, scanning, critical
reading to complete academic coursework and campus situations. PTE Academic focuses on reading tasks
across a wide range of topics and academic disciplines. Reading texts used in PTE Academic include
historical biographies narratives, academic articles, book reviews, commentaries, editorials, critical
essays, science reports and summaries, journal articles and scientific articles written for a general
academic audience. Academic disciplines include arts, science, social studies, humanities, economics,
business administration and more. You are not expected to have any prior knowledge of these academic
disciplines. The test assesses your ability to comprehend information provided in a given text. Texts
related to student life include instructions, course outlines, grant applications, timetables and
accommodation guides. Academic reading texts may be accompanied by graphic information.
Reading texts are taken from published sources, such as text books or websites containing useful i
nformation for academic audiences.
Audio recordings
Audio recordings include characteristics of actual speech, such as accents and dialects,
fillers, hesitations, false starts, self corrections in delivery speed. In academic settings,
it is important that you understand a wide variety of spoken language across different situations.
You need to follow different modes of lectures such as audio, video and audiovisual, despite
differences in accent and delivery speed.
Recordings used in PTE Academic include audio recordings of academic interest and those related
to aspects of student life. Recordings of academic interest include lectures, presentations,
discussions, interviews, debates and speeches appropriate for a general academic audience.
Academic disciplines include arts, science, social studies, humanities, economics, business
administration and more. You are not expected to have any prior knowledge of these academic
disciplines. The test assesses your ability to comprehend information provided a given
recording. Recordings related to student life include instructions, announcements and notices.
A recording may be accompanied by visuals such as a presentation slide, providing information
about the setting and clues about where the language is being used. Video recordings may also be
included.
Recordings are taken from sources such as websites containing useful information for students, or based on actual speech samples from universities and colleges.
Test delivery

PTE Academic is a computer-based test that is delivered through Pearson’s secure network of test centres.
For a list of test center locations, refer to the Pearson website at www.pearsonpte.com.

You can register for PTE Academic online at www.pearsonpte.com and schedule your test at a time convenient for you. When you register, you will create a secure web account with a unique user name and password. Please refer to “Register and scheduling” in Chapter 2 for detailed information.
Accessing your score report
After taking the test, you will be notified by email when your PTE scores are available(normally within five business days from your test date). Using your account, you will be able to view your scores and send them to institutions of your choice (up to seven selections per test order). For further guidance on accessing your test results, please refer to the Test Taker Handbook available at www.pearsonpte.com.
Your test will be presented in a score report. Please refer to “Scoring” in this chapter for details about the PTE Academic score report. Your test scores will be valid for up to two years from your test date. After two years your scores will no longer be valid.
Retaking the test

You can take the test as often as you wish, but you can only schedule one test at a time.
Subsequent tests may be scheduled immediately after you receive your scores. If you take the
test more than once, you can select which score to send to an institution. For further information,
please refer to the Test Taker Handbook available at www.pearsonpte.com.

Structure
Pte academic assesses all four language skills—- listening, reading, speaking and writing. The test
will last approximately three hours. This includes an untimed introduction to the test and one
optional break of up to 10 minutes.
PTE Academic consists of three main parts. You will receive a general introduction to the test and
specific instructions about what to expect in each part of the test. Each part may contain a number of
sections. Each section is individually timed. The table below shows the test structure.
Part of test Section Item Time allowed
Introduction
Part 1 Section 1 Personal introduction 1 minute
Section 2 Read aloud 30-35 minutes
Repeat sentence
Describe image
Re-tell lecture
Answer short question
Sections 3-4 Summarize written text 20 minutes
Section 5 Summarize written text or Write essay 10 or 20 minutes
Section 6 Write essay 20 minutes
Part 2: Reading Multiple- choice, choose single answer 32-41 minutes
Multiple- choice, choose multiple answers
Re-order paragraphs
Reading: Fill in the blanks
Reading & writing: Fill in the blanks
Part 3:Listening Section 1 Summarize spoken text 20 or 30 minutes
Multiple-choice, choose multiple answers 23-28 minutes
Fill in the blanks
Highlight correct word
Multiple-choice, choose single answer
Select missing word
Highlight incorrect words
Write from dictation
Part 1: speaking and writing
In Part 1 you will be tested on your speaking and writing skills. You will have approximately
77-93 minutes to complete this part. The table below shows the speaking and writing part of
the test.
Part 1: Speaking and writing
Section Item Type Time allowed
Section 1 Personal introduction
Read aloud
Repeat sentence
Describe image
Re-tell lecture
Answer short question
1 minute
Section 3-4 Summarize written text 20 minutes
Section 5 Summarize written text or Write essay 10-20 minutes
Section 6 Write essay
PTE Academic is an integrated skills test. Some item types in this part also assess reading and
listening skills.
Section 1
In Section 1, before starting the scored part of the test, you will be asked to orally introduce
yourself. You are not assessed on your performance in the Personal introduction section. Your response
offers an additional security measure for institutions and provides some impression of you report to
the institutions you select.
You could talk about one or more of the following:
  • Your interests
  • Your plans for further study
  • Why you want to learn English
  • Why you need to learn English
  • Why you chose PTE Academic
You will have 25 seconds to read the prompt and 30 seconds to record your response.
The recording status box on screen will let you know when to start recording and when
to complete your response. You must reply in your own words, as naturally as possible.
You will not be able to re-cord your response, so make sure you are ready to speak.
Section 2
In Section 2, there is a single timed speaking section consisting of 35-42
independent and integrated skills items, depending on the combination of items in a
given test. You will have approximately 30-35 minutes to complete this section.
Different response formats are used in the speaking part of PTE Academic.
Part 2: Reading
In Part 2 you will be tested on your reading skills. You will have approximately
32-41 minutes to complete this part. The table below shows the reading part of the test.
Part 2: Reading
Item type Time allowed
Multiple-choice, choose multiple answers 32-41 minutes
Multiple-choice, choose multiple answers
Re-order paragraphs
Reading: Fill in the blanks
Reading & writing: Fill in the blanks
This is a single timed part containing 15-20 independent and integrated skills items,
depending on the combination of items in a given test. Different response formats are used
in the reading part of PTE Academic.
PTE Academic is an integrated skills test. One item type in this part of the test also
assesses writing skills.
Part 3: Listening
In Part 3, you will be tested on your listening skills.
You will have approximately 45-57 minutes to complete this part. The table below
shows the listening part of the test.
Part 3: Listening
Section Item type Time allowed
Section 1 Summarize spoken text 20-30 minutes
Section 2 Multiple-choice, choose multiple answers 23-28 minutes
Fill in the blanks
Highlight correct summary
Multiple-choice, choose single answer
Select missing word
Highlight incorrect words
Write from dictation
PTE Academic is an integrated skills test.
Some item types in this part of the test also assess writing and reading skills.
Section 1
The first section in the listening part, Summarize spoken text,
is an integrated skills item type that tests listening and writing skills.
Two to three items of this type appear, depending on the combination of items in a given test.
Section 2
In Section 2, there is a single timed listening section consisting of 15-22 items, depending on the combinations in a given test. You will have approximately 23-23 minutes to complete this section. Different response formats are used in the listening part of PTE Academic.
Since listening takes place in real time, PTE Academic assesses your ability to process spoken language
in real time. Each recording is played only once. You can take notes using the Erasable Note board
Booklet provided when listening to the recording, and use these notes as a guide to complete the tasks.
Scoring
All items in PTE Academic are machine scored. Scores for some item
types are based on correctness alone, while others are cantered on correctness, formal aspects
and the quality of your response.
Formal aspects refers to the form of your response, for example, whether it is over or under the
word limit for a particular item type, or whether it contains more than one sentence for an
item type requiring a one-sentence response.
The quality of your response is represented in a number of additional skills called Enabling Skills.
For example, in the item type Re-tell lecture your response will be scored such as oral
fluency and pronunciation. Scores for item types assessing speaking and writing skills are
generated by automated scoring systems. For information about automated scoring, please refer
to www.pearsonpte.com.
Types of scoring
There are two types of scoring.
Correct or incorrect
Some item types are scored as either correct or incorrect.
If your responses to these items are correct, you will receive the maximum score
available for each item type. If your responses are incorrect, you will receive no score points.
Partial credit
Other item types are scored as correct, partially correct or incorrect. If your
responses to these items are correct, you will receive some score points
available for each item type. If your responses are partially correct,
you will receive some points, but less than the maximum score points available
for each item type. If your responses are incorrect, you will receive no score
points. This type of scoring is referred to as “partial credit” scoring.
Three item types in the test are scored slightly differently to others: Multiple-choice,
choose multiple answers (reading), Multiple-choice, choose multiple answers (Listening)
and Highlight incorrect words. For these item types, if you get any answers wrong, points
will be deducted. For example, if you score two points for two correct answers and then
choose two wrong answers, your score will be zero (2-2=0). This does not apply to apply other
item types in the test.
The table below shows the item types that are scored that are scored as correct or incorrect,
and where partial credit scoring applies.
Part of test Item type Skills assessed Unscored
Part 1 Speaking and writing Personal introduction Not assessed Partial credit
Read aloud Reading and speaking Partial credit
Repeat sentence Listening and speaking Partial credit
Describe image Speaking Partial credit
Re-tell lecture Listening and speaking
Answer short question Listening and speaking Partial credit
Summarize written text Reading and writing Partial credit
Write essay Writing Partial correct
Part 2: Reading Multiple-choice, choose single answer Reading Correct/incorrect
Multiple-choice, choose multiple answers Reading Partial credit
Re-order paragraphs Reading Partial credit
Reading: Fill in the blanks Reading Partial credit
Reading & writing: Fill in the blanks Reading and writing Partial credit
Part 3: Listening Summarize spoken text Listening and writing Partial credit
Multiple-choice, choose multiple answers Listening Partial credit
Fill in the blanks Listening and writing Partial credit
Highlight correct summary Listening and reading Correct/incorrect
Multiple-choice, choose single answer Listening Correct/incorrect
Select missing word Listening Correct/incorrect
Highlight incorrect words Listening and reading Partial credit
Write from dictation Listening and writing Partial credit
Types of Scores:
PTE Academic reports an overall score, communicative skills and enablity skills scores skills scores.
Overall score: The overall score is based on your performance on all test items.
For each item,
the score you obtain contribute to overall score. The score range for the overall score is 10-90
points.
Communicative skills scores: The communicative skills are listening, reading, speaking and writing.
The scores for integrated skills items (that is, those assessing reading and speaking, listening and
speaking, reading and writing, listening and writing or listening and reading) contribute to the score
for each of the communicative skills that the items assess. The score range for each communicative
skill is 10-90 points.
Enabling skill scores: the enabling skills measured are
grammar, oral fluency, pronunciation, spelling, vocabulary and written discourse. The scores for
enabling skills are based on your performance on only those items that assess these skills specially.
The score range for each enabling skill is 10-90 points.
Grammar: the correct use of language with respect to
word form and word order at the sentence level.
Oral fluency: the smooth, effortless and natural-paced
delivery of speech
Pronunciation: the pronunciation of speech sounds in a
way that is easily understandable to most regular speakers of the language. Regional or national
varieties of English pronunciation are considered correct to the degree that they are easily
understandable to most regular speakers of the language.
Spelling: the writing of words according to the spelling
rules of the language. All national variations are considered correct, but one spelling convention
should be used consistently in a giver response.
Vocabulary: the appropriate choice of words used to express
meaning, as well as lexical range.
Written discourse: the correct and communicatively efficient
production of written language at the textual level. Written discourse skills are represented in the
structure of a written text, its internal coherence, logical development and the range of linguistic
resources used to express meaning precisely.
The scores for enabling skills are not awarded when your responses are
inappropriate for the items in either content or form. For example, if an essay
task requires you to discuss global warming and you provide a response entirely
devoted to the topic of fashion design, you will not receive any score points for
writing or any of the enabling skills assesses by the item. In relation to form,
if a task requires a one-sentence summary of a text and you give a list of words,
you will not be awarded any score points for your response to that item.
Score record:
The image on the next page shows an example PTE Academic
score report that you will receive after you have completed the test. The report shows
overall score, communicative skills score, communicative skills score and enabling skills scores.
PTE WITH AOL
AOL is committed to quality teaching so initially after the
pre-analysis the impression of students basic English knowledge is taken and their whichever
part of grammar has been weak, a proper coaching is given to strengthen it.
Module wise preparation starts with discussion of tests and
tests exercises.
Currently, AOl is taking limited number of students for generating
better results.
A word to be noted:-
PTE has a different format to IELTS but meticulous analysis concludes a
lot is common with IELTS and identic criteria is also one of the common factors of this test.4